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建構主義典範在教育研究方法論中的運用與啟示

 

 

郭至和

 

 

本文首先介紹建構主義典範與實證主義、後實證主義、批判理論等研究典範的不同,其次,再探討建構主義典範在研究方法歷程上的設計與特徵,以及在各研究歷程所應注意的事項。而在研究設計中,Guba Lincoln對於信度與效度概念的改變,國內尚無相關文獻作有系統的介紹,因此,筆者就不同時期相關學者對質性研究信度與效度觀點作一簡要的分析,並以Guba Lincoln所提出的四代評量之演變,說明建構主義典範對研究品質的標準產生哪些新的看法。最後,針對研究者在教育研究所應注意的相關議題與啟示,提出二點的說明。

 

 

 

關鍵字:典範、建構主義、信度與效度

 


The Application and Inspiration of Constructivism for Educational Research Method

 

Kuo, Chih-Ho

 

    This article discusses the theoretical development of constructivism with a view to applying its methodology to the educational research.  First, it compares the four paradigms of educational research: positivism, postpositivism, critical theory and constructivism, including ontology, epistemology and methodology.  Secondly, it explores that the educational investigator how to design the research process according to constructivism.  Thirdly, it is to review the recent development of reliability and validity in constructivism studies.  Guba and Lincoln proposed particularly some new standards to judge the quality according to the view of the fourth generation evaluation.  Finally, it also provides suggestions for educational investigator for application of the educational research.

 

KeywordsParadigmConstructivistReliability Validity

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