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渾沌理論對國小課程實施的啟示

以鄉土教學活動為例

 

 

郭至和

 

 

本文藉由渾沌理論的觀點,分析對目前國民小學鄉土教學活動課程實施的現狀,期望未來九年一貫課程實施時,能夠提供不同思考的角度與啟示。因此,首先從渾沌理論的特徵,分別就蝴蝶效應、耗散結構、奇特吸子、遞迴對稱、回饋機制及碎形結構等加以介紹;其次,以台中市國小鄉土教學活動課程實施為例,分析其中所包含渾沌理論的現象;最後,探討渾沌理論對課程實施所產生的啟示:課程實施前應做好整體的規劃;結合不同資源體系,在課程實施時能發揮最大的功效;尋求課程實施中的奇特吸子,創造課程革新的動力;設立課程發展委員會,隨時檢視計劃的擬定與執行;了解時代的脈動,面對課程改革的挑戰;時時檢討反省,發揮教師專業能力等。希望無論是目前正在實施的課程,或者未來九年一貫課程的實施,均能有一些啟示與覺察。

 

關鍵字:渾沌理論、鄉土教學活動、課程實施

 

 

本文作者為台中市建功國小教師兼台中市國民教育輔導團鄉土教學活動科輔導員;國立台中師範學院國民教育研究所博士班研究生;學術專長為課程、鄉土教育、個案研究。

 

 


The Inspiration of Chaos Theory on Curriculum Implementation of Elementary Schools – Take Homeland Education Activities for Example

 

Kuo, Chih-Ho

 

    This article attempts to understand the inspiration for curriculum implementation from the research of chaos theory.  First, it discusses some characteristics of chaos theory, including butterfly effect, dissipative structure, strange attractor, recursive symmetries, feedback mechanisms and fractal structure.  Secondly, it explores the relationship between curriculum implementation for homeland education activities and chaos sensitivity.  Elementary schools as well as the social system are a complex, dynamical and nonlinear structure. The processes on curriculum implementation of elementary schools have the same characteristics is order behind the chaos. Finally, it also helps to probe the inspiration for curriculum implementation on chaos sensitivity, and provides suggestions for curriculum development or implementation in now curriculum and the future "nine-year curriculum" program.

 

Keywords: chaos theory, curriculum implementation, homeland education activities

 

Graduate Student, Graduate Institute of Elementary Education, National Taichung Teachers College.

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